Brain diseases - Epilepsy, Stroke & Multiple Sclerosis | Medical Center Dubai | Plastic Surgery and Aesthetic Clinic | SunFace Medical Center
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Brain diseases – Epilepsy, Stroke & Multiple Sclerosis

What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a disorder of the brain characterized by repeated seizures. A seizure is usually defined as a sudden alteration of behavior due to a temporary change in the electrical functioning of the brain. Normally, the brain continuously generates tiny electrical impulses in an orderly pattern. These impulses travel along neurons — the network of nerve cells in the brain — and throughout the whole body via chemical messengers called neurotransmitters.

How is epilepsy Caused?

The main cause for epilepsy is different for people of different ages. Children may be born with a defect in the structure of their brain or may suffer a head injury or infection that causes their epilepsy. Severe head injury is the most common known cause in young adults. For middle-age individuals, strokes, tumors and injuries are more frequent catalysts. In people age 65 and older, stroke is the most common known cause, followed by degenerative conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease.

Types of Seizures:

Seizures belong in one of two basic categories: Primary generalized seizures and Partial seizures.

Primary generalized Epilepsy – a type of epilepsy  in which the seizures begin from both sides of the brain at the same time. They begin with a widespread electrical discharge that involves both sides of the brain at once.

Partial generalized Epilepsy is caused due to hereditary factors, which are more likely to involve genetic factors where the seizures arise from a limited area of the brain.

Risk Factors:

There are certain risk factors that can control the increase of seizures overtime:

  • Stress
  • Sleep deprivation or fatigue
  • Insufficient food intake
  • Alcohol use or drug abuse
  • Failure to take prescribed anticonvulsant medications

What is Multiple Sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an unpredictable disease of the central nervous system that disrupts the flow of information within the brain, and between the brain and body. It is a disease that impacts the brain and spinal cord which make up the central nervous system and controls everything we do. The exact cause of MS is unknown, but we do know that something triggers the immune system to attack the brain and spinal cord. The resulting damage to myelin, the protective layer insulating wire-like nerve fibers, disrupts signals to and from the brain. This interruption of communication signals causes unpredictable symptoms such as numbness, tingling, mood changes, memory problems, pain, fatigue, blindness and/or paralysis. Everyone’s experience with MS is different and these losses may be temporary or long lasting.


The real cause of MS is still not known. Scientists believe MS is triggered by a combination of factors. Researchers have

  • Immunologic : Imbalance or changes in the immune cells of the body
  • Environmental: Imbalance in Vitamin D, Smoking, Obesity Etc
  • Genetic factors
  • Infectious agents (such as viruses)

Most Common Symptoms:

  • MS Hug (Dysesthesia)
  • Fatigue
  • Walking (Gait) Difficulties
  • Numbness or Tingling in the Body
  • Spasticity
  • Weakness
  • Vision Problems
  • Vertigo and Dizziness
  • Bladder Control Problems
  • Cognitive Changes

Meet our Neurologist Specialist!

Dr. Ehsan Yaghoubi is a specialist neurologist with over 10 years experience, dealing with all types of neurological diseases including stroke, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, peripheral neuropathy, back pain, headache, etc. Dr Ehsan has many publications in various international highly accredited medical journals. He has 17 years of experience as practicing doctor and Carries 10 years experience in a University hospital in Iran as an assistant professor and consultant neurologist.

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